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JAMA. 2016 Feb 23;315(8):788-800. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.0291.

Epidemiology, Patterns of Care, and Mortality for Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Intensive Care Units in 50 Countries.

Collaborators (843)

Francois GM, Rabboni F, Madotto F, Conti S, Sula H, Nunci L, Cani A, Zazu A, Dellera C, Insaurralde CS, Alejandro RV, Daldin J, Vinzio M, Fernandez RO, Cardonnet LP, Bettini LR, Bisso MC, Osman EM, Setten MG, Lovazzano P, Alvarez J, Villar V, Pozo NC, Grubissich N, Plotnikow GA, Vasquez DN, Ilutovich S, Tiribelli N, Chena A, Pellegrini CA, Saenz MG, Estenssoro E, Brizuela M, Gianinetto H, Gomez PE, Cerrato VI, Bezzi MG, Borello SA, Loiacono FA, Fernandez AM, Knowles S, Reynolds C, Inskip DM, Miller JJ, Kong J, Whitehead C, Bihari S, Seven A, Krstevski A, Rodgers HJ, Millar RT, Mckenna TE, Bailey IM, Hanlon GC, Aneman A, Lynch JM, Azad R, Neal J, Woods PW, Roberts BL, Kol MR, Wong HS, Riss KC, Staudinger T, Wittebole X, Berghe C, Bulpa PA, Dive AM, Verstraete R, Lebbinck H, Depuydt P, Vermassen J, Meersseman P, Ceunen H, Rosa JI, Beraldo DO, Piras C, Rampinelli AM, Nassar AP Jr, Mataloun S, Moock M, Thompson MM, Gonçalves CH, Antônio AC, Ascoli A, Biondi RS, Fontenele DC, Nobrega D, Sales VM, Shindhe S, Ismail DM, Laffey J, Beloncle F, Davies KG, Cirone R, Manoharan V, Ismail M, Goligher EC, Jassal M, Ferguson ND, Nishikawa E, Javeed A, Curley G, Rittayamai N, Parotto M, Mehta S, Knoll J, Pronovost A, Canestrini S, Bruhn AR, Garcia PH, Aliaga FA, Farías PA, Yumha JS, Ortiz CA, Salas JE, Saez AA, Vega LD, Labarca EF, Martinez FT, Carreño NG, Lora P, Liu H, Qiu H, Liu L, Tang R, Luo X, An Y, Zhao H, Gao Y, Zhai Z, Ye ZL, Wang W, Li W, Li Q, Zheng R, Yu W, Shen J, Li X, Yu T, Lu W, Wu YQ, Huang XB, He Z, Lu Y, Han H, Zhang F, Sun R, Wang HX, Qin SH, Zhu BH, Zhao J, Liu J, Li B, Liu JL, Zhou FC, Li QJ, Zhang XY, Li-Xin Z, Xin-Hua Q, Jiang L, Gao YN, Zhao XY, Li YY, Li XL, Wang C, Yao Q, Yu R, Chen K, Shao H, Qin B, Huang QQ, Zhu WH, Hang AY, Hua MX, Li Y, Xu Y, Di YD, Ling LL, Qin TH, Wang SH, Qin J, Han Y, Zhou S, Vargas MP, Jimenez JI, Rojas MA, Solis-Quesada JE, Ramirez-Alfaro CM, Máca J, Sklienka P, Gjedsted J, Christiansen A, Nielsen J, Villamagua BG, Llano M, Burtin P, Buzancais G, Beuret P, Pelletier N, Mortaza S, Mercat A, Chelly J, Jochmans S, Terzi N, Daubin C, Carteaux G, de Prost N, Chiche JD, Daviaud F, Pham T, Fartoukh M, Barberet G, Biehler J, Dellamonica J, Doyen D, Arnal JM, Briquet A, Klasen F, Papazian L, Follin A, Roux D, Messika J, Kalaitzis E, Dangers L, Combes A, Au SM, Béduneau G, Carpentier D, Zogheib EH, Dupont H, Ricome S, Santoli FL, Besset SL, Michel P, Gelée B, Danin PE, Goubaux B, Crova PJ, Phan NT, Berkelmans F, Badie JC, Tapponnier R, Gally J, Khebbeb S, Herbrecht JE, Schneider F, Declercq PL, Rigaud JP, Duranteau J, Harrois A, Chabanne R, Marin J, Constantin JM, Thibault S, Ghazi M, Boukhazna M, Zein SO, Richecoeur JR, Combaux DM, Grelon F, Le Moal C, Sauvadet EP, Robine A, Lemiale V, Reuter D, Dres M, Demoule A, Goldgran-Toledano D, Baboi L, Guérin C, Lohner R, Kraßler J, Schäfer S, Zacharowski KD, Meybohm P, Reske AW, Simon P, Hopf HB, Schuetz M, Baltus T, Papanikolaou MN, Papavasilopoulou TG, Zacharas GA, Ourailogloy V, Mouloudi EK, Massa EV, Nagy EO, Stamou EE, Kiourtzieva EV, Oikonomou MA, Avila LE, Cortez CA, Citalán JE, Jog SA, Sable SD, Shah B, Gurjar M, Baronia AK, Memon M, Muthuchellappan R, Ramesh VJ, Shenoy A, Unnikrishnan R, Dixit SB, Rhayakar RV, Ramakrishnan N, Bhardwaj VK, Mahto HL, Sagar SV, Palaniswamy V, Ganesan D, Hashemian SM, Jamaati H, Heidari F, Meaney EA, Nichol A, Knapman KM, O'Croinin D, Dunne ES, Breen DM, Clarkson KP, Jaafar RF, Dwyer R, Amir F, Ajetunmobi OO, O'Muircheartaigh AC, Black CS, Treanor N, Collins DV, Altaf W, Zani G, Fusari M, Spadaro S, Volta CA, Graziani R, Brunettini B, Palmese S, Formenti P, Umbrello M, Lombardo A, Pecci E, Botteri M, Savioli M, Protti A, Mattei A, Schiavoni L, Tinnirello A, Todeschini M, Giarratano A, Cortegiani A, Sher S, Rossi A, Antonelli MM, Montini LM, Casalena P, Scafetti S, Panarello G, Occhipinti G, Patroniti N, Pozzi M, Biscione RR, Poli MM, Raimondi F, Albiero D, Crapelli G, Beck E, Pota V, Schiavone V, Molin A, Tarantino F, Monti G, Frati E, Mirabella L, Cinnella G, Fossali T, Colombo R, Pattarino PT, Mojoli F, Braschi A, Borotto EE, Cracchiolo AN, Palma DM, Raponi F, Foti G, Vascotto ER, Coppadoro A, Brazzi L, Floris L, Iotti GA, Venti A, Yamaguchi O, Takagi S, Maeyama HN, Watanabe E, Yamaji Y, Shimizu K, Shiozaki K, Futami S, Ryosuke S, Saito K, Kameyama Y, Ueno K, Izawa M, Okuda N, Suzuki H, Harasawa T, Nasu M, Takada T, Ito F, Nunomiya S, Koyama K, Abe T, Andoh K, Kusumoto K, Hirata A, Takaba A, Kimura H, Matsumoto S, Higashijima U, Honda H, Aoki N, Imai H, Ogino Y, Mizuguchi I, Ichikado K, Nitta K, Mochizuki K, Hashida T, Tanaka H, Nakamura T, Niimi D, Ueda T, Kashiwa Y, Uchiyama A, Sabelnikovs O, Oss P, Haddad Y, Liew KY, Ñamendys-Silva SA, Jarquin-Badiola YD, Sanchez-Hurtado LA, Gomez-Flores SS, Marin MC, Villagomez AJ, Lemus JS, Fierro JM, Cervantes MR, Mejia FJ, Dector D, Dector DM, Gonzalez DR, Estrella CR, Sanchez-Medina JR, Ramirez-Gutierrez A, George FG, Aguirre JS, Buensuseso JA, Poblano M, Dendane T, Zeggwagh AA, Balkhi H, Elkhayari M, Samkaoui N, Ezzouine H, Benslama A, Amor M, Maazouzi W, Cimic N, Beck O, Bruns MM, Schouten JA, Rinia M, Raaijmakers M, Heunks LM, Van Wezel HM, Heines SJ, Strauch U, Buise MP, Simonis FD, Schultz MJ, Goodson JC, Browne TS, Navarra L, Hunt A, Hutchison RA, Bailey MB, Newby L, Mcarthur C, Kalkoff M, Mcleod A, Casement J, Hacking DJ, Andersen FH, Dolva MS, Laake JH, Barratt-Due A, Noremark KA, Søreide E, Sjøbø BÅ, Guttormsen AB, Yoshido HH, Aguilar RZ, Oscanoa FA, Alisasis AU, Robles JB, Pasanting-Lim RA, Tan BC, Andruszkiewicz P, Jakubowska K, Coxo CM, Alvarez AM, Oliveira BS, Montanha GM, Barros NC, Pereira CS, Messias AM, Monteiro JM, Araujo AM, Catorze NT, Marum SM, Bouw MJ, Gomes RM, Brito VA, Castro S, Estilita JM, Barros FM, Serra IM, Martinho AM, Tomescu DR, Marcu A, Bedreag OH, Papurica M, Corneci DE, Negoita SI, Grigoriev E, Gritsan AI, Gazenkampf AA, Almekhlafi G, Albarrak MM, Mustafa GM, Maghrabi KA, Salahuddin N, Aisa TM, Al Jabbary AS, Tabhan E, Arabi YM, Arabi YM, Trinidad OA, Al Dorzi HM, Tabhan EE, Bolon S, Smith O, Mancebo J, Aguirre-Bermeo H, Lopez-Delgado JC, Esteve F, Rialp G, Forteza C, De Haro C, Artigas A, Albaiceta GM, De Cima-Iglesias S, Seoane-Quiroga L, Ceniceros-Barros A, Ruiz-Aguilar AL, Claraco-Vega LM, Soler JA, Lorente Mdel C, Hermosa C, Gordo F, Prieto-González M, López-Messa JB, Perez MP, Perez CP, Allue RM, Roche-Campo F, Ibañez-Santacruz M, Temprano S, Pintado MC, De Pablo R, Gómez PR, Ruiz SR, Moles SI, Jurado MT, Arizmendi A, Piacentini EA, Franco N, Honrubia T, Cheng MP, Losada EP, Blanco J, Yuste LJ, Carbayo-Gorriz C, Cazorla-Barranquero FG, Alonso JG, Alda RS, Algaba Á, Navarro G, Cereijo E, Diaz-Rodriguez E, Marcos DP, Montero LA, Para LH, Sanchez RJ, Navalpotro MA, Abad RD, González RM, Toribio DP, Castro AG, Artiga MJ, Penuelas O, Roser TP, Olga MF, Curto EG, Sánchez RM, Imma VP, Elisabet GM, Claverias L, Magret M, Pellicer AM, Rodriguez LL, Sánchez-Ballesteros J, González-Salamanca Á, Jimenez AG, Huerta FP, Diaz JC, Lopez EB, Moya DD, Alfonso AA, Luis PS, Cesar PS, Rafael SI, Virgilio CG, Recio NN, Adamsson RO, Rylander CC, Holzgraefe B, Broman LM, Wessbergh J, Persson L, Schiöler F, Kedelv H, Tibblin AO, Appelberg H, Hedlund L, Helleberg J, Eriksson KE, Glietsch R, Larsson N, Nygren I, Nunes SL, Morin AK, Kander T, Adolfsson A, Piquilloud L, Zender HO, Leemann-Refondini C, Elatrous S, Bouchoucha S, Chouchene I, Ouanes I, Ben Souissi A, Kamoun S, Demirkiran O, Aker M, Erbabacan E, Ceylan I, Girgin NK, Ozcelik M, Ünal N, Meco BC, Akyol OO, Derman SS, Kennedy B, Parhar K, Srinivasa L, McNamee L, McAuley D, Steinberg J, Hopkins P, Mellis C, Kakar V, Hadfield D, Vercueil A, Bhowmick K, Humphreys SK, Ferguson A, Mckee R, Raj AS, Fawkes DA, Watt P, Twohey L, Jha RR, Thomas M, Morton A, Kadaba V, Smith MJ, Hormis AP, Kannan SG, Namih M, Reschreiter H, Camsooksai J, Kumar A, Rugonfalvi S, Nutt C, Oneill O, Seasman C, Dempsey G, Scott CJ, Ellis HE, Mckechnie S, Hutton PJ, Di Tomasso NN, Vitale MN, Griffin RO, Dean MN, Cranshaw JH, Willett EL, Ioannou N, Gillis S, Csabi P, Macfadyen R, Dawson H, Preez PD, Williams AJ, Boyd O, De Gordoa LO, Bramall J, Symmonds S, Chau SK, Wenham T, Szakmany T, Toth-Tarsoly P, Mccalman KH, Alexander P, Stephenson L, Collyer T, Chapman R, Cooper R, Allan RM, Sim M, Wrathall DW, Irvine DA, Zantua KS, Adams JC, Burtenshaw AJ, Sellors GP, Welters ID, Williams KE, Hessell RJ, Oldroyd MG, Battle CE, Pillai S, Kajtor I, Sivashanmugavel M, Okane SC, Donnelly A, Frigyik AD, Careless JP, May MM, Stewart R, Trinder TJ, Hagan SJ, Wise MP, Cole JM, MacFie CC, Dowling AT, Hurtado J, Nin N, Hurtado J, Nuñez E, Pittini G, Rodriguez R, Imperio MC, Santos C, França AG, Ebeid A, Deicas A, Serra C, Uppalapati A, Kamel G, Banner-Goodspeed VM, Beitler JR, Mukkera SR, Kulkarni S, Lee J, Mesar T, Shinn JO 3rd, Gomaa D, Tainter C, Lee J, Mesar T, Lee J, Yeatts DJ, Warren J, Lanspa MJ, Miller RR, Grissom CK, Brown SM, Bauer PR, Gosselin RJ, Kitch BT, Cohen JE, Beegle SH, Stoger JH, Gueret RM, Tulaimat A, Choudry S, Stigler W, Batra H, Huff NG, Lamb KD, Oetting TW, Mohr NM, Judy C, Saito S, Kheir FM, Kheir F, Schlichting AB, Delsing A, Crouch DR, Elmasri M, Crouch DR, Ismail D, Dreyer KR, Blakeman TC, Dreyer KR, Gomaa D, Baron RM, Grijalba CQ, Hou PC, Seethala R, Aisiku I, Henderson G, Frendl G, Hou SK, Owens RL, Schomer A, Bumbasirevic V, Jovanovic B, Surbatovic M, Veljovic M.

Abstract

IMPORTANCE:

Limited information exists about the epidemiology, recognition, management, and outcomes of patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate intensive care unit (ICU) incidence and outcome of ARDS and to assess clinician recognition, ventilation management, and use of adjuncts-for example prone positioning-in routine clinical practice for patients fulfilling the ARDS Berlin Definition.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

The Large Observational Study to Understand the Global Impact of Severe Acute Respiratory Failure (LUNG SAFE) was an international, multicenter, prospective cohort study of patients undergoing invasive or noninvasive ventilation, conducted during 4 consecutive weeks in the winter of 2014 in a convenience sample of 459 ICUs from 50 countries across 5 continents.

EXPOSURES:

Acute respiratory distress syndrome.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES:

The primary outcome was ICU incidence of ARDS. Secondary outcomes included assessment of clinician recognition of ARDS, the application of ventilatory management, the use of adjunctive interventions in routine clinical practice, and clinical outcomes from ARDS.

RESULTS:

Of 29,144 patients admitted to participating ICUs, 3022 (10.4%) fulfilled ARDS criteria. Of these, 2377 patients developed ARDS in the first 48 hours and whose respiratory failure was managed with invasive mechanical ventilation. The period prevalence of mild ARDS was 30.0% (95% CI, 28.2%-31.9%); of moderate ARDS, 46.6% (95% CI, 44.5%-48.6%); and of severe ARDS, 23.4% (95% CI, 21.7%-25.2%). ARDS represented 0.42 cases per ICU bed over 4 weeks and represented 10.4% (95% CI, 10.0%-10.7%) of ICU admissions and 23.4% of patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Clinical recognition of ARDS ranged from 51.3% (95% CI, 47.5%-55.0%) in mild to 78.5% (95% CI, 74.8%-81.8%) in severe ARDS. Less than two-thirds of patients with ARDS received a tidal volume 8 of mL/kg or less of predicted body weight. Plateau pressure was measured in 40.1% (95% CI, 38.2-42.1), whereas 82.6% (95% CI, 81.0%-84.1%) received a positive end-expository pressure (PEEP) of less than 12 cm H2O. Prone positioning was used in 16.3% (95% CI, 13.7%-19.2%) of patients with severe ARDS. Clinician recognition of ARDS was associated with higher PEEP, greater use of neuromuscular blockade, and prone positioning. Hospital mortality was 34.9% (95% CI, 31.4%-38.5%) for those with mild, 40.3% (95% CI, 37.4%-43.3%) for those with moderate, and 46.1% (95% CI, 41.9%-50.4%) for those with severe ARDS.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:

Among ICUs in 50 countries, the period prevalence of ARDS was 10.4% of ICU admissions. This syndrome appeared to be underrecognized and undertreated and associated with a high mortality rate. These findings indicate the potential for improvement in the management of patients with ARDS.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT02010073.

PMID:
26903337
DOI:
10.1001/jama.2016.0291
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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