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Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2016 May;98:176-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.01.022. Epub 2016 Feb 20.

Chloroplast phylogenomic data from the green algal order Sphaeropleales (Chlorophyceae, Chlorophyta) reveal complex patterns of sequence evolution.

Author information

1
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA. Electronic address: karolina.fucikova@uconn.edu.
2
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.

Abstract

Chloroplast sequence data are widely used to infer phylogenies of plants and algae. With the increasing availability of complete chloroplast genome sequences, the opportunity arises to resolve ancient divergences that were heretofore problematic. On the flip side, properly analyzing large multi-gene data sets can be a major challenge, as these data may be riddled with systematic biases and conflicting signals. Our study contributes new data from nine complete and four fragmentary chloroplast genome sequences across the green algal order Sphaeropleales. Our phylogenetic analyses of a 56-gene data set show that analyzing these data on a nucleotide level yields a well-supported phylogeny - yet one that is quite different from a corresponding amino acid analysis. We offer some possible explanations for this conflict through a range of analyses of modified data sets. In addition, we characterize the newly sequenced genomes in terms of their structure and content, thereby further contributing to the knowledge of chloroplast genome evolution.

KEYWORDS:

Algae; Codon bias; Phylogenetic conflict; Plastid

PMID:
26903036
DOI:
10.1016/j.ympev.2016.01.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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