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Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2016 Apr;49(2):459-73. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2015.12.002. Epub 2016 Feb 20.

Facial Paralysis Reconstruction.

Author information

1
Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Center for Facial Cosmetic Surgery, University of Michigan School of Medicine, 19900 Haggerty Hwy, Livonia, MI 48152, USA.
2
Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 801 Welch Rd, Palo Alto, CA, 94305 USA.
3
Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 9401 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 650, Beverly Hills, CA 90212, USA.
4
Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Center for Advanced Facial Plastic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, 9401 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 650, Beverly Hills, CA 90212, USA. Electronic address: drazizzadeh@gmail.com.

Abstract

Facial nerve paralysis is a devastating condition arising from several causes with severe functional and psychological consequences. Given the complexity of the disease process, management involves a multispecialty, team-oriented approach. This article provides a systematic approach in addressing each specific sequela of this complex problem.

KEYWORDS:

Dynamic facial reconstruction; Facial nerve; Facial nerve paralysis; Static facial reconstruction

PMID:
26902979
DOI:
10.1016/j.otc.2015.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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