Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Am Chem Soc. 2016 Mar 9;138(9):2941-4. doi: 10.1021/jacs.5b13470. Epub 2016 Mar 1.

Synthesis and Optical Properties of Lead-Free Cesium Tin Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals.

Author information

1
Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge , J.J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Metal halide perovskite crystal structures have emerged as a class of optoelectronic materials, which combine the ease of solution processability with excellent optical absorption and emission qualities. Restricting the physical dimensions of the perovskite crystallites to a few nanometers can also unlock spatial confinement effects, which allow large spectral tunability and high luminescence quantum yields at low excitation densities. However, the most promising perovskite structures rely on lead as a cationic species, thereby hindering commercial application. The replacement of lead with nontoxic alternatives such as tin has been demonstrated in bulk films, but not in spatially confined nanocrystals. Here, we synthesize CsSnX3 (X = Cl, Cl0.5Br0.5, Br, Br0.5I0.5, I) perovskite nanocrystals and provide evidence of their spectral tunability through both quantum confinement effects and control of the anionic composition. We show that luminescence from Sn-based perovskite nanocrystals occurs on pico- to nanosecond time scales via two spectrally distinct radiative decay processes, which we assign to band-to-band emission and radiative recombination at shallow intrinsic defect sites.

PMID:
26901659
DOI:
10.1021/jacs.5b13470

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center