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Nucleic Acids Res. 1989 Dec 11;17(23):9661-78.

Linker scanning of the yeast RNA polymerase I promoter.

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Biochemisch Laboratorium, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


To define the RNA polymerase I promoter in the rDNA of Saccharomyces cerevisiae more precisely, we have constructed a series of 5'- and 3'-deletion mutants in a novel, plasmid-borne rDNA minigene, that also contains the transcriptional enhancer. Our data show that the Pol I promoter, in this context, extends from position -155 to +27, with 5'-deletions up to -134 and 3'-deletions up to -2 removing essential sequence information. To investigate the internal organization of the yeast Pol I promoter, linker scanning mutants were constructed, that traverse the Pol I promoter region and comprise between 5 and 12 clustered point mutations. Analysis of minigene transcription in yeast cells transformed with these plasmids demonstrates that the pol I promoter consists of three domains. Mutations in Domain I (from position -28 to +8) and Domain II (-70 to -51) drastically reduce promoter activity, whereas clustered point mutations in Domain III (starts at position -146 and presumably extends to position -76) appear to have less effect. Furthermore, the insertion of 4 nt between Domains I and II diminishes minigene transcription, indicating that the relative positions of these domains is essential.

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