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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016 May;85(1):19-22. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2015.11.012. Epub 2015 Dec 1.

Prospective evaluation of the Alere i Influenza A&B nucleic acid amplification versus Xpert Flu/RSV.

Author information

1
Unité de Microbiologie Clinique, Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph, Paris, France. Electronic address: jcnguyen@hpsj.fr.
2
Unité de Microbiologie Clinique, Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph, Paris, France.
3
Equipe Mobile de Microbiologie Clinique, Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph, Paris, France.
4
National Influenza Center (Northern France), Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

Abstract

The rapid and accurate detection of influenza virus in respiratory specimens is required for optimal management of patients with acute respiratory infections. Because of the variability of the symptoms and the numerous other causes of influenza-like illness, the diagnosis of influenza cannot be made on the basis of clinical criteria alone. Thus, rapid influenza diagnostic tests have been developed such as the Alere i Influenza A&B isothermal nucleic acid assay. We prospectively evaluated the performance of the Alere i Influenza A&B assay in comparison with our routine Xpert Flu/RSV assay. Positive samples were subtyped according to the protocol from the National Influenza Center (Paris, France). A total of 96 respiratory nasal swab samples were analyzed: with both methods, 38 were positive and 56 were negative. Samples were prospectively collected from January 20 to April 8, 2015, from patient (86 adult and 10 pediatric patients) presenting with an influenza-like illness through the French influenza season. In comparison with the Xpert Flu/RSV assay, the overall sensitivity and specificity of the Alere i Influenza A&B assay were 95% and 100%, respectively. Our results indicate that the Alere i Influenza A&B assay has a good overall analytical performance and a high degree of concordance with the PCR-based Xpert Flu/RSV assay. The Alere i Influenza A&B isothermal nucleic acid amplification test is a powerful tool for influenza detection due to its high sensitivity and specificity as well as its ability to generate results within 15min.

KEYWORDS:

Alere i Influenza; Influenza virus; Prospective evaluation

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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