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Orthod Craniofac Res. 2016 Aug;19(3):137-44. doi: 10.1111/ocr.12121. Epub 2016 Feb 22.

Effect of organic solvents and ultrasound on the removal of orthodontic brackets.

Author information

1
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.
2
Southwest Bahia State University - UESB, Bahia, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of organic gel solvents (70% acetone and 90% ethanol) and ultrasound in the removal of metallic brackets.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Metallic brackets were bonded with light-cured orthodontic composite (Transbond XT) in 120 human bicuspids and divided into 6 groups for the enamel etch-and-rinse adhesive system (XT) and 6 groups to self-etching system (SEPT) according to pretreatment to removal test: control, 70% acetone, 90% ethanol, ultrasound, 70% acetone+ultrasound, and 90% ethanol+ultrasound. The brackets were subjected to removal by shear testing and Adhesive Remnant Index (ARI) evaluation. Some specimens were prepared and its adhesive interface and etching ability observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

RESULTS:

Only the factor 'ultrasound' and its interaction with 'adhesive' were detected as a source of variance, with the SEPT/ultrasound showing the lowest shear strength than the other groups. Regardless the factor 'ultrasound', XT showed a higher ARI than SEPT; however, when the solvents were used, no differences were detected between XT and SEPT.

CONCLUSION:

The organic solvents were not effective in reducing shear bond strength. The etch-and-rinse adhesive system showed a higher and more favorable ARI score than the self-etching primer. The behavior of the organic solvents on ARI showed to be better when associated with the self-etching primer. The ultrasound was effective in reducing the shear bond strength of the self-etching adhesive system but not in affecting the ARI of the adhesive systems.

KEYWORDS:

acetone; dental bonding; ethanol; orthodontics; solvents; ultrasound

PMID:
26898697
DOI:
10.1111/ocr.12121
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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