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Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2016 Apr;20(4):22. doi: 10.1007/s11916-016-0552-1.

The Role of Acupuncture in Pain Management.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, LSUHSC, Shreveport, LA, USA.
2
Department of Anesthesiology, Louisiana State University Health Science Center, 1542 Tulane Ave, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA. alankaye44@hotmail.com.

Abstract

Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese practice of medicine that has gained popularity in Western culture and around the world. It involves the insertion of thin needles into the skin to stimulate nerves, muscles, and connective tissues throughout the body with the goal of alleviating pain, tension, and stress. More broadly, acupuncture is actually a family of different procedures. Conceptually, it is believed to stimulate the body's meridians, or energy-carrying channels, in an attempt to correct imbalances and to restore health. These benefits are thought to be derived from the proximity of acupoints with nerves through intracellular calcium ions. This lesson outlines a brief history of acupuncture and how it may be used to treat various types of physical and emotional pain and specific conditions, including overactive bladder and psoriasis. Acupuncture has been demonstrated to enhance endogenous opiates, such as dynorphin, endorphin, encephalin, and release corticosteroids, relieving pain and enhancing the healing process. There are associated risks; however, serious side effects are rare. When compared to traditional methods of pain management, more studies are warranted in order to establish the efficacy of acupuncture and its place in pain management.

KEYWORDS:

Acupuncture; Alternative therapy; Analgesia; Pain management; Pain relief

PMID:
26896946
DOI:
10.1007/s11916-016-0552-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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