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Obes Res Clin Pract. 2016 Sep - Oct;10(5):493-519. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2016.01.004. Epub 2016 Feb 17.

Self-weighing in weight management interventions: A systematic review of literature.

Author information

1
Department of Community and Health Systems, Indiana University School of Nursing, 600 Barnhill Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States. Electronic address: wshieh@iu.edu.
2
Center for Nursing Research and Scholarship, Indiana University School of Nursing, 600 Barnhill Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States. Electronic address: mrknisel@iupui.edu.
3
Center for Aging Research and Regenstrief Institute, Inc, United States; Eskenazi Office of Applied Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, United States. Electronic address: daniclar@iu.edu.
4
Center for Nursing Research and Scholarship, Indiana University School of Nursing, 600 Barnhill Drive, Indianapolis, IN 46202, United States. Electronic address: carpentj@iu.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Self-weighing increases a person's self-awareness of current weight and weight patterns. Increased self-weighing frequency can help an individual prevent weight gain. Literature, however, is limited in describing variability in self-weighing strategies and how the variability is associated with weight management outcomes.

AIM:

This review analyzed self-weighing in weight management interventions and the effects of self-weighing on weight and other outcomes.

METHODS:

Twenty-two articles from PubMed, CINAHL, Medline, PsychInfo, and Academic Search Premier were extracted for review.

RESULTS:

These 22 articles reported findings from 19 intervention trials, mostly on weight loss or weight gain prevention. The majority of the reviewed articles reported interventions that combined self-weighing with other self-monitoring strategies (64%), adopted daily self-weighing frequency (84%), and implemented interventions up to six months (59%). One-half of the articles mentioned that technology-enhanced or regular weight scales were given to study participants. Of the articles that provided efficacy data, 75% of self-weighing-only interventions and 67% of combined interventions demonstrated improved weight outcomes. No negative psychological effects were found.

CONCLUSIONS:

Self-weighing is likely to improve weight outcomes, particularly when performed daily or weekly, without causing untoward adverse effects. Weight management interventions could consider including this strategy.

KEYWORDS:

Obesity; Self-monitoring; Self-regulation; Self-weighing; Weight loss

PMID:
26896865
DOI:
10.1016/j.orcp.2016.01.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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