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Br J Anaesth. 2016 May;116(5):618-23. doi: 10.1093/bja/aev539. Epub 2016 Feb 17.

Fibrinogen supplementation after cardiac surgery: insights from the Zero-Plasma trial (ZEPLAST).

Author information

1
Department of Cardiothoracic - Vascular Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, Milan, Italy cardioanestesia@virgilio.it.
2
Department of Cardiothoracic - Vascular Anesthesia and Intensive Care, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fibrinogen supplementation has been proposed both to prevent and treat postoperative bleeding in cardiac surgery. The optimal fibrinogen concentration trigger and target values and the fibrinogen concentrate dose required remain uncertain. This subanalysis of data from the Zero-Plasma Trial (ZEPLAST) assessed target fibrinogen values and the corresponding fibrinogen concentrate dose for supplementation.

METHODS:

We performed a post hoc analysis of 116 subjects included in the randomized, placebo-controlled ZEPLAST trail. Data considered were fibrin-based thromboelastometry (FIBTEM) maximum clot firmness (MCF) determined by whole-blood thromboelastometry (ROTEM) before and after placebo or fibrinogen concentrate, Clauss fibrinogen concentration after placebo or fibrinogen concentrate, postoperative bleeding and severe bleeding (SB). The association between FIBTEM MCF and Clauss fibrinogen concentration was tested with linear regression analyses. The predictive value for SB of FIBTEM MCF and Clauss fibrinogen concentration was tested with receiver operating characteristic analyses.

RESULTS:

There was a good association between FIBTEM MCF and Clauss fibrinogen concentration in the baseline study population (r(2) = 0.66), which worsened in fibrinogen-supplemented subjects. Both FIBTEM MCF and Clauss fibrinogen concentration yielded a good discriminative power for SB (area under the curve 0.721 and 0.767, respectively). The negative predictive value for SB was 100% for a Clauss fibrinogen concentration of 287 mg dl(-1) and 98% for an FIBTEM MCF of 14 mm. Based on these newly defined target values, the dose of fibrinogen concentrate needed would be 3 g lower than the dose used in ZEPLAST.

CONCLUSIONS:

A dose of fibrinogen concentrate rarely exceeding 2 g might be sufficient to prevent bleeding in cardiac surgery.

KEYWORDS:

cardiovascular anaesthesia; complications, haemorrhage; fibrinogen

PMID:
26893405
DOI:
10.1093/bja/aev539
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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