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Appetite. 2016 Jul 1;102:60-9. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.024. Epub 2016 Feb 15.

An integrative affect regulation process model of internalized weight bias and intuitive eating in college women.

Author information

1
University of North Carolina at Charlotte Department of Psychology, USA; University of North Carolina at Charlotte Health Psychology Ph.D. Program, USA. Electronic address: jennifer.webb@uncc.edu.
2
University of North Carolina at Charlotte Department of Psychology, USA; University of North Carolina at Charlotte Health Psychology Ph.D. Program, USA.

Abstract

The present study extended the weight stigma and well-being process model (Tylka et al., 2014) by examining three affect regulation pathways that may help simultaneously explain the predicted inverse association between internalized weight bias and intuitive eating. A weight-diverse sample of 333 college women completed an online survey assessing internalized weight stigma, intuitive eating, body shame, body image flexibility, and self-compassion. Self-reported height and weight were used to calculate body mass index (BMI). Non-parametric bootstrap resampling procedures were computed to ascertain the presence of the indirect effects of internalized weight bias on intuitive eating via the three hypothesized mediators controlling for BMI in a combined model. Results demonstrated that body image flexibility significantly and self-compassion marginally contributed unique variance in accounting for this relationship. Our preliminary cross-sectional findings contribute to a nascent body of scholarship seeking to provide a theoretically-driven understanding of how negative and positive forms of experiencing and relating to the body may co-occur within individuals. Results also point to potential target variables to consider incorporating in later-stage efforts to promote more adaptive ways of eating amidst internalized weight stigma.

KEYWORDS:

Body image flexibility; Body shame; College women; Internalized weight bias; Intuitive eating; Self-compassion

PMID:
26893074
DOI:
10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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