Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2016 Jan;20(1):56-64. doi: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.04.007. Epub 2015 Apr 23.

Bracing and exercise-based treatment for idiopathic scoliosis.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel. Electronic address: kalichman@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel.
3
Department of Physical Therapy, Recanati School for Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel; Maccabi Health Care Services, Posture Clinic, Maccabi Hashalom, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Various conservative therapies are available for treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), however, the disparities between them and the evidence of their efficacy and effectiveness is still unclear.

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the effectiveness of different conservative treatments on AIS.

METHODS:

A literature-based narrative review of the English language medical literature.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

The most appropriate treatment for each patient should be chosen individually and based on various parameters. Bracing has been found to be a most effective conservative treatment for AIS. There is limited evidence that specific physical exercises also an effective intervention for AIS. Exercise-based physical therapy, if correctly administered, can prevent a worsening of the curve and may decrease need for bracing. In addition, physical exercises were found to be the only treatment improving respiratory function. Combining bracing with exercise increases treatment efficacy compared with a single treatment. Additional, well-designed and good quality studies are required to assess the effectiveness of different conservative methods in treating AIS.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis; Bracing; Conservative treatment; Exercises; Review

PMID:
26891638
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbmt.2015.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center