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Traffic Inj Prev. 2016 Oct 2;17(7):692-8. doi: 10.1080/15389588.2016.1143095. Epub 2016 Feb 18.

Road traffic mortality in the Slovak Republic in 1996-2014.

Author information

1
a Department of Public Health , Faculty of Health Sciences and Social Work, Trnava University , Trnava , Slovak Republic.
2
b International Neurotrauma Research Organization , Vienna , Austria.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Road traffic mortality takes an enormous toll in every society. Transport safety interventions play a crucial role in improving the situation. In the period 1996-2014 several road safety measures, including a complex new road traffic law in 2009, were implemented in the Slovak Republic, introducing stricter conditions for road users. The aim of this study is to describe and analyze the trends in road user mortality in the Slovak Republic in individual age groups by sex during the study period 1996-2014.

METHODS:

Data on overall mortality in the Slovak Republic for the period 1996-2014 were obtained from the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Mortality rates were age-adjusted to the European standard population. Joinpoint regression was used to assess the statistical significance of change in time trends of calculated standardized mortality rates.

RESULTS:

Mortality rates of all types of road users as well as all age groups and both sexes in the Slovak Republic in the period 1996-2014 are decreasing. The male : female ratio decreased from 4:1 in 1996 to 2:1 in 2014. Motor vehicle users (other than motorcyclists) and pedestrians have the highest mortality rates among road user groups. Both of these groups show a significant decline in mortality rates over the study period. Within the age groups, people age 65 years and over have the highest mortality rates, followed by the age groups 25-64 and 15-24 years old. Joinpoint regression confirmed a steady, significant decline in all mortality rates over the study period. A statistically significant decrease in mortality rates in the last years of the study period was observed in the age group 25-64 and in male motorcycle users. Assessing the impact of the 2009 road traffic law, a drop was observed in the average standardized mortality rate of all road traffic users from 14.56 per 100,000 person years in the period 1996-2008 to 7.69 per 100,000 person years in the period 2009-2014. A similar drop in the average standardized mortality rate was observed in all individual road user groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The implementation of the new traffic regulations may have contributed significantly to the observed decrease in mortality rates of road users in the Slovak Republic. A significant decrease in mortality was observed in all population groups and in all groups of road users. The introduction of a new comprehensive road traffic law may have expedited the decrease of road fatalities, especially in the age group 25-64 years old. This type of evidence-based epidemiology data can be used for improved targeting of future public health measures for road traffic injury prevention.

KEYWORDS:

epidemiology; fatality; mortality; road traffic; road transport accidents

PMID:
26890575
DOI:
10.1080/15389588.2016.1143095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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