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Plant Pathol J. 2016 Feb;32(1):58-64. doi: 10.5423/PPJ.NT.06.2015.0121. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

Evaluation of Resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum in Tomato Genetic Resources at Seedling Stage.

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1
National Agrobiodiversity Center, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju 54874, Korea.

Abstract

Bacterial wilt of tomatoes caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is a devastating disease that limits the production of tomato in Korea. The best way to control this disease is using genetically resistant tomato plant. The resistance degree to R. solanacearum was evaluated for 285 tomato accessions conserved in the National Agrobiodiversity Center of Rural Development Administration. These accessions of tomato were originated from 23 countries. Disease severity of tomato accessions was investigated from 7 days to 14 days at an interval of 7 days after inoculation of R. solanacearum under greenhouse conditions. A total of 279 accessions of tomato germplasm were susceptible to R. solanacearum, resulting in wilt and death in 70 to 90% of these plants. Two tomato accessions were moderately resistant to R. solanacearum. Only four accessions showed high resistance against R. solanacearum. No distinct symptom of bacterial wilt appeared on the resistant tomato germplasms for up to 14 days after inoculation of R. solanacearum. Microscopy of resistant tomato stems infected with R. solanacearum revealed limited bacterial spread with thickening of pit membrane and gum production. Therefore, these four resistant tomato germplasms could be used in tomato breeding program against bacterial wilt.

KEYWORDS:

Ralstonia solanacearum; bacterial wilt; genetic resource; resistance; tomato

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