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J Telemed Telecare. 2017 Jan;23(1):74-82. doi: 10.1177/1357633X15625545. Epub 2016 Jul 9.

Long-term exercise maintenance in COPD via telerehabilitation: a two-year pilot study.

Author information

1
1 University Hospital of North Norway, Norwegian Centre for Integrated Care and Telemedicine, Tromsø, Norway.
2
2 The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
3
3 LHL-klinikkene Skibotn, Norway.
4
4 University Hospital of North Norway, Heart and Lung Clinic, Tromsø, Norway.

Abstract

Introduction Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an integral part of the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, many patients do not access or complete PR, and long-term exercise maintenance has been difficult to achieve after PR. This study aimed to investigate feasibility, long-term exercise maintenance, clinical effects, quality of life and use of hospital resources of a telerehabilitation intervention. Methods Ten patients with COPD were offered a two-year follow-up via telerehabilitation after attending PR. The intervention consisted of home exercise, telemonitoring and self-management via a webpage combined with weekly videoconferencing sessions. Equipment included a treadmill, a pulse oximeter and a tablet. Data collected at baseline, one year and two years were six-minute walking distance (6MWD), COPD assessment test (CAT), EuroQol 5 dimensions (EQ-5D), hospitalisations and outpatient visits. Results No dropout occurred. Physical performance, lung capacity, health status and quality of life were all maintained at two years. At one year, 6MWD improved by a mean of 40 metres from baseline, CAT decreased by four points and EQ visual analogue scale (EQ VAS) improved by 15.6 points. Discussion Long-term exercise maintenance in COPD via telerehabilitation is feasible. Results are encouraging and suggest that telerehabilitation can prevent deterioration and improve physical performance, health status and quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

COPD; exercise; home monitoring; pulmonary rehabilitation; telemedicine

PMID:
26888420
DOI:
10.1177/1357633X15625545
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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