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Cancer Cell Int. 2016 Feb 16;16:9. doi: 10.1186/s12935-016-0280-y. eCollection 2016.

Inhibition of glycolytic enzyme hexokinase II (HK2) suppresses lung tumor growth.

Author information

1
The Clinical Department, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193 China ; Laboratory of Cancer Genetics, The University of Minnesota Hormel Institute, Austin, MN 55912 USA.
2
Laboratory of Cancer Genetics, The University of Minnesota Hormel Institute, Austin, MN 55912 USA.
3
The Clinical Department, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193 China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The most common genetic changes identified in human NSCLC are Kras mutations (10-30 %) and p53 mutation or loss (50-70 %). Moreover, NSCLC with mutations in Kras and p53 poorly respond to current therapies, so we are trying to find a new target for the treatment strategies.

METHODS:

Flow cytometry, crystal violet staining and immunoblotting were used to assess cell cycle arrest, proliferation and apoptosis in lung cancer cell lines after 2-DG treatment and lentivirus infection by shRNA knock down. IHC and western blotting were carried for NSG xenograft model with 2-DG treatment and lentivirus infection by shRNA knock down.

RESULTS:

Knocking down Kras down-regulated the glycolytic enzyme hexokinase II (HK2) in KP2 (mouse lung cancer cell line with Kras mutation and p53 deletion) and H23 (human lung cancer cell line with Kras mutation and p53 mutation) cell lines. Genetic studies revealed that HK2 was required for the human and mouse lung cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. Our pharmacological studies confirmed that 2-DG, an inhibitor of HK2, inhibited human and mouse lung cancer cell growth through inducing cell apoptosis and autophagy.

CONCLUSIONS:

HK2 is a promising treatment target for NSCLC with Kras activating and p53 function loss.

KEYWORDS:

2-DG; Apoptosis; HK2; Kras; NSCLC

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