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Virology. 1989 Dec;173(2):759-63.

Identification of p74, a gene essential for virulence of baculovirus occlusion bodies.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.


DNA sequencing of the HindIII-P fragment of the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus downstream of a major late protein, p10, revealed the presence of an open reading frame (ORF) 1935 nucleotides in length and in opposite polarity to p10. The gene product is considered essential for virus virulence in Trichoplusia ni larvae since infection with occlusion bodies from a mutant, Ac228z, in which portions of adjacent carboxy-termini from peptides p74 and p10 were deleted, failed to kill larvae, whereas virus with deletions in p10 alone were as infectious to larvae as wild-type virus. The ORF has the potential to code for a polypeptide of 645 amino acid residues (Mr 73,819) and was designated p74. Time course analysis of RNA from infected cells using primer extension assays suggested that the gene's promoter was weak and was most active at 16-20 hr postinfection. The transcription initiation site of the RNA was located at -90/-91 bases upstream of the start codon. The p74 gene was cloned into a baculovirus expression vector and a recombinant virus was produced which overexpressed the p74 protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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