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Adv Mater. 2016 Jun;28(22):4397-414. doi: 10.1002/adma.201504958. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

Printed Carbon Nanotube Electronics and Sensor Systems.

Chen K1,2,3, Gao W1,2, Emaminejad S1,2, Kiriya D1,2,3, Ota H1,2,3, Nyein HY1,2,3, Takei K1,2,3,4, Javey A1,2,3.

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Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.
Berkeley Sensor and Actuator Center, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.
Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.
Department of Physics and Electronics, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka, 599-8531, Japan.


Printing technologies offer large-area, high-throughput production capabilities for electronics and sensors on mechanically flexible substrates that can conformally cover different surfaces. These capabilities enable a wide range of new applications such as low-cost disposable electronics for health monitoring and wearables, extremely large format electronic displays, interactive wallpapers, and sensing arrays. Solution-processed carbon nanotubes have been shown to be a promising candidate for such printing processes, offering stable devices with high performance. Here, recent progress made in printed carbon nanotube electronics is discussed in terms of materials, processing, devices, and applications. Research challenges and opportunities moving forward from processing and system-level integration points of view are also discussed for enabling practical applications.


carbon nanotubes; electronic skin; flexible electronics; printed electronics; thin-film transistors


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