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Biotechnol Lett. 2016 May;38(5):871-6. doi: 10.1007/s10529-016-2055-x. Epub 2016 Feb 13.

Purification and characteristics of a novel bacteriocin produced by Enterococcus faecalis L11 isolated from Chinese traditional fermented cucumber.

Author information

1
Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, High and New Tech Development Zone, Daqing, 163319, China. yurongg@163.com.
2
Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, High and New Tech Development Zone, Daqing, 163319, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To purify and characterize a novel bacteriocin with broad inhibitory spectrum produced by an isolate of Enterococcus faecalis from Chinese fermented cucumber.

RESULTS:

E. faecalis L11 produced a bacteriocin with antimicrobial activity against both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The amino acid sequence of the purified bacteriocin, enterocin L11, was assayed by Edman degradation method. It differs from other class II bacteriocins and exhibited a broad antimicrobial activity against not only Gram-positive bacteria, including Bacillus subtilis, S. aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Sarcina flava, Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii, L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus, but also some Gram-negative bacteria including Salmonella typhimurium, E. coli and Shigella flexneri. Enterocin L11 retained 91 % of its activity after holding at 121 °C for 30 min. It was also resistant to acids and alkalis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Enterocin L11 is a novel broad-spectrum Class II bacteriocin produced by E. faecalis L11, and may have potential as a food biopreservative.

KEYWORDS:

Bacteriocin; Broad-spectrum inhibition; Enterocin L11; Enterococcus faecalis

PMID:
26875092
DOI:
10.1007/s10529-016-2055-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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