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Int J Drug Policy. 2016 Sep;35:32-7. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.01.010. Epub 2016 Jan 18.

Characterising dark net marketplace purchasers in a sample of regular psychostimulant users.

Author information

1
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC), University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia. Electronic address: j.vanbuskirk@unsw.edu.au.
2
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC), University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052, Australia.
3
University of Tasmania, School of Medicine, Hobart, Tasmania 7000, Australia.
4
National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia 6000, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The past five years has seen a proliferation in marketplaces operating on the 'dark net' selling licit and illicit substances. While monitoring systems have investigated the specific substances for sale on these marketplaces, less is known about consumer motivations for accessing these marketplaces and factors associated with their use.

METHODS:

An Australian national sample (n=800) recruited on the basis of regular psychostimulant use was recruited and asked about purchasing substances from dark net marketplaces and the reasons for doing so. Respondents who had purchased any drug from a dark net marketplace in the preceding year were compared to those who had not in terms of demographic information and factors including drug use, criminal activity, and sexual and mental health.

RESULTS:

Nine percent (n=68) of the sample had purchased from dark net markets in the past year. MDMA, LSD and cannabis were the three most commonly purchased substances, and the main benefits cited for purchasing online were the better quality and lower cost of drugs available. Controlling for other factors, participants who purchased from dark net marketplaces in the past year tended to be younger, more likely to be involved in recent property crime and to have used more classes of drugs in the preceding six months, specifically psychedelics and 'new psychoactive drugs'.

CONCLUSIONS:

Though a small minority of participants reported having purchased drugs online in the preceding six months, these appeared to be a more 'entrenched' group of consumers, with more diverse substance use and rates of criminal activity. For consumers in the current sample reporting recent dark net usage, country borders are now less of a significant barrier to purchase and there is a wider range of substances available than ever before.

KEYWORDS:

Cryptomarkets; Dark net marketplaces; New psychoactive substances; Psychostimulant use

PMID:
26872846
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.01.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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