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J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1989 Dec;21(6):705-16.

Na+-driven bacterial flagellar motors.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, Nagoya University, Japan.

Abstract

Bacterial flagellar motors are the reversible rotary engine which propels the cell by rotating a helical flagellar filament as a screw propeller. The motors are embedded in the cytoplasmic membrane, and the energy for rotation is supplied by the electrochemical potential of specific ions across the membrane. Thus, the analysis of motor rotation at the molecular level is linked to an understanding of how the living system converts chemical energy into mechanical work. Based on the coupling ions, the motors are divided into two types; one is the H+-driven type found in neutrophiles such as Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli and the other is the Na+-driven type found in alkalophilic Bacillus and marine Vibrio. In this review, we summarize the current status of research on the rotation mechanism of the Na+-driven flagellar motors, which introduces several new aspects in the analysis.

PMID:
2687262
DOI:
10.1007/bf00762688
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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