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PLoS One. 2016 Feb 12;11(2):e0148902. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148902. eCollection 2016.

Reduction of Genetic Diversity of the Harpy Eagle in Brazilian Tropical Forests.

Author information

1
Departamento de Biologia, Centro de Ciências Exatas, Naturais e da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Alegre, Espírito Santo, Brazil.
2
Programa de Conservação do Gavião-real, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.
3
Laboratório de Evolução e Genética Animal, Departamento de Genética, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.
4
Coordenação de Biodiversidade, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.

Abstract

Habitat loss and fragmentation intensify the effects of genetic drift and endogamy, reducing genetic variability of populations with serious consequences for wildlife conservation. The Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja) is a forest dwelling species that is considered near threatened and suffers from habitat loss in the forests of the Neotropical region. In this study, 72 historical and current samples were assessed using eight autosomal microsatellite markers to investigate the distribution of genetic diversity of the Harpy Eagle of the Amazonian and Atlantic forests in Brazil. The results showed that the genetic diversity of Harpy Eagle decreased in the regions where deforestation is intense in the southern Amazon and Atlantic Forest.

PMID:
26871719
PMCID:
PMC4752245
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0148902
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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