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Ultrasonography. 2016 Apr;35(2):89-103. doi: 10.14366/usg.15057. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

International guidelines for contrast-enhanced ultrasonography: ultrasound imaging in the new millennium.

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Ultrasound Section, Department of Gastric Surgery, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev, Denmark.


The intent of this review is to discuss and comment on common clinical scenarios in which contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) may play a decisive role and to illustrate important points with typical cases. With the advent of CEUS, the scope of indications for ultrasonography has been dramatically extended, and now includes functional imaging and tissue characterization, which in many cases enable tumor diagnosis without a biopsy. It is virtually impossible to imagine the practice of modern medicine as we know it in high-income countries without the use of imaging, and yet, an estimated two thirds of the global population may receive no such care. Ultrasound imaging with CEUS has the potential to correct this inequity.


Abdomen; Contrast media; Image enhancement; Microbubbles; Ultrasonography

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