Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Yoga. 2016 Jan-Jun;9(1):20-6. doi: 10.4103/0973-6131.171718.

Improvements in well-being and vagal tone following a yogic breathing-based life skills workshop in young adults: Two open-trial pilot studies.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, GA, USA.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, GA, USA.
3
International Association for Human Values, Washington, DC, USA; Nova Southeastern University Lifelong Learning Institute, Davie, FL, GA, USA.
4
RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC, GA, USA.
5
RTI International, Atlanta, GA, USA.
6
Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, GA, USA.
7
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Penn State University, State College, PA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

While efficacy of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) has been demonstrated in a number of prior studies, little is known about the effects of SKY taught as part of the Your Enlightened Side (YES+) workshop designed for college students and other young adults.

AIMS:

This study aimed to assess the effects of YES+, a yogic breathing-based life skills workshop, on multiple measures of well-being and physiological stress response.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Two nonrandomized open-trial pilot studies were conducted with a total of 74 young adults (age 25.4 ± 6.6 years; 55% female). Study 1 collected a variety of self-report questionnaires at baseline, postworkshop, and 1-month follow-up. Study 2 collected self-report questionnaires in addition to electrocardiography with a stationary cycling challenge at baseline and 1-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

Study 1: Improvements in self-reported depression (P's ≤ 0.010), perceived stress (P's ≤ 0.002), life satisfaction (P's ≤ 0.002), social connectedness (P's ≤ 0.004), and gratitude (P's ≤ 0.090) were observed at postworkshop and 1-month after workshop relative to baseline. Study 2: Improvements in self-reported emotion regulation were observed at 1-month follow-up relative to baseline (P = 0.019). Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form positive affect increased (P = 0.021), while fatigue and sadness decreased (P's ≤ 0.005). During the stationary cycling challenge, rate to recovery of electrocardiography inter-beat interval also increased from baseline to 1-month follow-up (P = 0.077).

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that a life skills workshop integrating yogic breathing techniques may provide self-empowering tools for enhancing well-being in young adults. Future research is indicated to further explore these effects, particularly in regards to vagal tone and other aspects of stress physiology.

KEYWORDS:

Emotion regulation; meditation; stress management; vagal tone; well-being; yoga breathing techniques

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center