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Ann Surg. 1989 Dec;210(6):719-24.

A long-term randomized prospective trial of the Nissen procedure versus a modified Toupet technique.

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Ersta Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Thirty-one patients about to undergo surgery for gastroesophageal reflux were randomized into either a Nissen fundoplication group (12) or a modified Toupet semifundoplication group (19). All patients were followed on a long-term basis for 5 years with a standard questionnaire, endoscopy, and manometry. Ninety-five percent of the patients in the modified Toupet group had good or excellent results versus 67% for the Nissen group. However both procedures are effective in curtailing esophagitis with an improvement of the endoscopic grading in the Nissen group by 91% and 89% in the group undergoing the modified Toupet procedure. A significant improvement in symptoms (acid regurgitation, heartburn, retrosternal pain) was noted in both groups, except for dysphagia in the Nissen group. Three patients with a Nissen fundoplication had a slipped Nissen requiring reoperation and two had gas-bloat syndrome. These specific complications of the Nissen procedure were not found in the modified Toupet group.

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