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Clin Genet. 2016 Oct;90(4):361-5. doi: 10.1111/cge.12747. Epub 2016 Mar 4.

Identification of a founder BRCA1 mutation in the Moroccan population.

Author information

1
Hereditary Cancer Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO-IDIBELL, ICO-IdIBGi, ICO-IGTP), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Department of Medical Genetics, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
3
Hereditary Cancer Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO-IDIBELL, ICO-IdIBGi, ICO-IGTP), L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. clazaro@iconcologia.net.

Abstract

Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent cancer among women in Morocco. However, the role of the most prevalent BC-predisposing genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, has been largely unexplored. To help define the role of BRCA1 in BC in Morocco, we characterized the first potential BRCA1 founder mutation in this population. Genetic testing of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in BC high-risk families identified mutation BRCA1 c.5309G>T, p.(Gly1770Val) or G1770V in five independent families from Morocco, suggesting a founder effect. To confirm this hypothesis, haplotype construction was performed using seven intragenic and flanking BRCA1 microsatellite markers. Clinical data were also compiled. Clinical data from carriers of mutation G1770V correspond to data from carriers of BRCA1 pathogenic mutations. Microsatellite analysis showed a common haplotype for the five families in a region comprising 1.54 Mb, confirming G1770V as the first specific founder BRCA1 mutation in the Moroccan population. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of BC genetics in the Moroccan population. Nevertheless, comprehensive studies of mutation G1770V in large series of BC patients from Morocco are needed to assess the real prevalence of this mutation and to improve genetic testing and risk assessment in this population.

KEYWORDS:

BRCA1; Morocco; breast; cancer; founder mutation; genetics; hereditary

PMID:
26864382
DOI:
10.1111/cge.12747
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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