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J Eukaryot Microbiol. 2016 Sep;63(5):651-6. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12303. Epub 2016 Mar 2.

Updating Biodiversity Studies in Loricate Protists: The Case of the Tintinnids (Alveolata, Ciliophora, Spirotrichea).

Author information

1
Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut, Groton, Connecticut, 06340, USA.
2
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California, 95039, USA.
3
Instituto de Ecología, Genética y Evolución de Buenos Aires (UBA-CONICET) y Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, C1428EHA, Argentina.
4
Instituto Antártico Argentino, Dirección Nacional del Antártico, Buenos Aires, C1010AAZ, Argentina.
5
Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai, 264003, China.
6
South Sea Environment Research Division, Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology, Geoje, 656-834, Korea.
7
Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche e Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, 98166, Italy.
8
Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21941-590, Brazil.
9
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G2W1, Canada.
10
Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, SW75BD, United Kingdom.
11
State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Sciences, Institute of Marine Microbes and Ecospheres, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361102, China.
12
School of Life Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China.
13
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, A-5020, Austria.

Abstract

Species determination is crucial in biodiversity research. In tintinnids, identification is based almost exclusively on the lorica, despite its frequent intraspecific variability and interspecific similarity. We suggest updated procedures for identification and, depending on the aim of the study, further steps to obtain morphological, molecular, and ecological data. Our goal is to help improving the collection of information (e.g. species re-/descriptions and DNA barcodes) that is essential for generating a natural tintinnid classification and a reliable reference for environmental surveys. These suggestions are broadly useful for protistologists because they exemplify data integration, quality/effort compromise, and the need for scientific collaborations.

KEYWORDS:

DNA barcoding; ciliates; ecology; morphology; phylogeny; taxonomy

PMID:
26863912
DOI:
10.1111/jeu.12303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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