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Toxicol Int. 2015 Jan-Apr;22(1):66-70. doi: 10.4103/0971-6580.172260.

Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Snakebite Cases Admitted in a Tertiary Care Centre in South India: A 5 Years Study.

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  • 1Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
  • 2Department of Forensic Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study was conducted to assess the clinic-epidemiological profile of snakebite cases admitted at a Tertiary Care Centre in South India.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A record based retrospective study was carried out at Kasturbha Medical College affiliated hospitals in Mangalore. All the snakebite cases admitted to the hospitals from January 2007 to December 2011 were included in the study. Data were collected using a pretested semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 11.5). The results are expressed as percentages.

RESULTS:

The study included 198 cases of snakebite victims. The majority of the cases were males (68.2%). The mean age of the study population was 34.8 years. Maximum numbers of snakebite cases were reported during the month of September to December (47.9%). The peak time of snakebite was between 18.01 and 24.00 h which was reported in 40.5% of the cases. Lower extremities were the most common site of bite in more than three-fourth of the cases (80.9%). The most common symptoms were a pain (45.9%) and swelling (44.9%). The case fatality rate was observed to be 3.0%.

CONCLUSION:

Snakebite still remains a major public health problem in this part of the world. Knowledge must be imparted regarding the prevention of snakebites through community health programs. Messages regarding prompt reporting of such cases and importance of effective treatment must be disseminated among people through mass media and role plays.

KEYWORDS:

Mangalore; South India; public health; snakebite

PMID:
26862263
PMCID:
PMC4721179
DOI:
10.4103/0971-6580.172260
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