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Toxicol Int. 2015 Jan-Apr;22(1):61-5. doi: 10.4103/0971-6580.172258.

Evaluation of Toxicity Effects of Asafetida on Biochemical, Hematological, and Histological Parameters in Male Wistar Rats.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Herbal Medicine Research Center, Shahid Sadoghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
  • 2Department of Anatomy, Shahid Sadoghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
  • 3Neurobiomedical Research Center, Shahid Sadoghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.



Asafetida is traditionally used in folklore medicine for the treatment of various ailments. To validate its use in traditional medicine, it is important to evaluate its toxicity in the animal system. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the toxicological effects of asafetida in Wistar albino rats.


Acute toxicity tests were conducted by the oral administration of 250, 500, and 1,000 mg/kg body weight of the animal. In chronic study, animals were administered with various doses of asafetida (25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg body weight) for a period of 6 weeks. At end of experiment, the effects of asafetida on hematological, renal, and hepatic markers and histological parameters were analyzed.


In acute toxicity study, no mortality was seen up to 72 h of the administration of asafetida. No signs of neurological and behavioral changes were noticed within 24 h. In the chronic study, the asafetida intake has changed the hematological parameters such as red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), hematocrit (HCT), and platelets. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were significantly increased in treated animals. The plasma level of urea and creatinine were not altered by the administration of asafetida throughout the study. Histopathology study indicates hepatotoxicity, but no signs of prominent pathological changes in kidney.


Asafetida did not show any acute toxicity, but chronic administration could have undesirable effects on hepatocytes and hematological factors.


Asafetida; hematology; kidney; liver; toxicity

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