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Complement Ther Med. 2016 Feb;24:1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2015.11.006. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Seated Tai Chi versus usual activities in older people using wheelchairs: A randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia; Department of Nursing, Dayeh University, Changhua, Taiwan. Electronic address: chen-yuan.hsu@griffithuni.edu.au.
2
Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: w.moyle@griffith.edu.au.
3
Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: m.cooke@griffith.edu.au.
4
Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: c.jones@griffith.edu.au.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Compare the effect of seated Tai Chi exercise (intervention) to usual activities on quality of life and depression symptoms in older people using wheelchairs.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial.

SETTING:

One long-term care facility in Taiwan.

PARTICIPANTS:

86 long-term care residents were screened; 60 were eligible and randomized to Tai Chi group (n=30), or usual activity (n=30).

INTERVENTION:

One certified trainer provided the intervention group with 40min of seated Tai Chi exercise, three times a week for 26 weeks. Trial registration ACTRN12613000029796.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Quality of Life (WHOQOL (BREF)); depression symptoms (GDS-SF) RESULTS: Participants in the Tai Chi group (M=3.76, SD=3.65) recorded significantly lower GDS-SF scores than participants in the control (M=7.76, SD=5.15) and the Tai Chi group registered significantly higher scores across overall QOL [p=0.03], general health [p=0.04], and the associated domains: physical health [p=0.00], psychological health [p=0.02], social relations [p=0.00], and environment [p=0.00].

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings highlight the importance of Tai Chi in improving QOL and depression in this population.

KEYWORDS:

Depression; Long-term care; Quality of life; Tai Chi

PMID:
26860794
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctim.2015.11.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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