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J Community Health. 2016 Aug;41(4):825-37. doi: 10.1007/s10900-016-0160-3.

Poor HPV vaccine-related awareness and knowledge among Utah Latinas overdue for recommended cancer screenings.

Author information

1
Huntsman Cancer Institute, 2000 Circle of Hope Drive, Room 4125, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA. Brynn.Fowler@hci.utah.edu.
2
Huntsman Cancer Institute, 2000 Circle of Hope Drive, Room 4125, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA.
3
College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA.

Abstract

Individuals overdue for recommended cancer screenings may not be receiving adequate cancer prevention education. Since Latinas have the highest incidence of cervical cancer among all racial/ethnic groups, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination education is especially important for this population. The correlates of HPV vaccine-related awareness and knowledge were assessed among Latinas who were overdue for recommended cancer screenings. N = 206 Latinas who were overdue for recommended cancer screenings were recruited by health educators from local community groups. Bivariate analyses and multivariable regression models were used to investigate factors associated with HPV vaccine-related awareness and knowledge among participants as well as to assess correlates of HPV vaccine receipt for eligible children of participants. In multivariable regression analyses, years living in the U.S. (p = 0.05) and health insurance status (p = 0.03) were significantly related to HPV vaccine-related knowledge measures. Age (p < 0.01), birthplace (p = 0.02), years living in the U.S. (p = 0.05), annual household income (p = 0.05), cervical cancer screening status (p = 0.03), and HPV vaccine-related knowledge measures (p < 0.01) were significantly associated with HPV vaccination outcomes for eligible daughters of participants. Cervical cancer screening status (p = 0.02) and HPV vaccine-related knowledge measures (p = 0.01) were significantly associated with HPV vaccination outcomes for eligible sons of participants. Results indicate poor HPV vaccine-related awareness and knowledge among Latinas. Interventions to improve HPV vaccine-related awareness and knowledge in Utah's growing Latino population should target vulnerable individuals (e.g., not employed outside the home, less educated, less acculturated, poor, uninsured, overdue for cervical cancer screening) by using materials that are culturally sensitive, linguistically appropriate, and easily accessible.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer prevention; Human Papillomavirus (HPV); Latino/Hispanic health; Vaccination; Vulnerable populations

PMID:
26860277
DOI:
10.1007/s10900-016-0160-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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