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J Equine Sci. 2015;26(4):129-33. doi: 10.1294/jes.26.129. Epub 2016 Feb 3.

A clinical case of equine fungal placentitis with reference to hormone profiles and ultrasonography.

Author information

1
Equine Science Division, Hidaka Training and Research Center, Japan Racing Association, Hokkaido 057-0171, Japan.
2
Epizootic Research Center, Japan Racing Association, Tochigi 329-0412, Japan.
3
Department of Clinical Veterinary Sciences, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido 080-8555, Japan.

Abstract

Fungal placentitis is an infectious disease inducing abortion in pregnant mares. In the present report, we describe a field case of abortion caused by fungal placentitis with consecutive examinations. The progesterone level and combined thickness of the uterus and placenta (CTUP) were abnormal before the onset of clinical signs. Additionally, the estradiol level started to change before the appearance of clinical signs. Abnormal serum amyloid A values and an abnormal fetal heart rate were observed after the onset of clinical signs. The present report demonstrates that the progesterone level and CTUP may be adequate as early diagnostic markers of fungal placentitis and bacterial infection. Endocrinological evaluation based on cutoff values or serial measurements were also useful for early diagnosis.

KEYWORDS:

abortion; equine; fungal infection; placentitis

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