Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Surg Oncol. 2016 Jul;23(7):2249-57. doi: 10.1245/s10434-016-5117-3. Epub 2016 Feb 8.

Oncologic Outcomes of Extended Robotic Resection for Rectal Cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
3
Department of Plastic Surgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
4
Department of Pathology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
5
Department of Surgical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA. gchang@mdanderson.org.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgery for locally advanced rectal cancers beyond the plane of total mesorectal excision (TME) or extramesorectal nodal involvement should include complete resection. This study evaluated the oncologic feasibility and safety of robot-assisted surgery for rectal cancer beyond the TME plane.

METHODS:

The study analyzed the operative, perioperative, and oncologic outcomes for all patients who underwent robot-assisted extended rectal cancer surgery from April 2009 to February 2015.

RESULTS:

Of 36 patients, 22 underwent multivisceral en bloc resection, and 18 underwent extramesorectal lymph node (EMRLN) dissection. The median tumor location was 5 cm [interquartile range (IQR), 2.2-9.0 cm] from the anal verge. A total of 32 patients underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy. The median body mass index of the patients was 26.8 kg/m(2) (IQR, 24.0-31.9 kg/m(2)). Conversion was required for one patient because of inability to tolerate the Trendelenburg position. All the resections were R0, and there were no incomplete TMEs. The vagina and prostate or periprostatic structures were the most commonly resected (n = 13/22), and the lateral pelvic nodes were the most common EMRLNs (n = 16/18). The median numbers of examined mesorectal lymph nodes and EMRLNs were respectively 20 (IQR, 18.0-28.0) and 2.5 (IQR, 1.0-6.0). The median hospital stay was 4 days (IQR, 3.0-5.5 days). Six patients experienced Clavien-Dindo grade 3 complications, the most common of which was deep abscess (n = 5, 13.8 %). The 5-year actuarial local recurrence rate was 3.6 %.

CONCLUSIONS:

Minimally invasive resection for rectal cancer can be performed with extended lymph node dissection or en bloc multivisceral resection using the surgical robot in selected patients. This technique is feasible and has acceptable morbidity.

PMID:
26856720
DOI:
10.1245/s10434-016-5117-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center