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Sci Rep. 2016 Feb 8;6:20549. doi: 10.1038/srep20549.

Development and cross-species transferability of EST-SSR markers in Siberian wildrye (Elymus sibiricus L.) using Illumina sequencing.

Author information

1
The State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730020, China.

Abstract

Siberian wildrye (Elymus sibiricus L.) is a perennial, self-fertilizing grass that plays an important role in animal husbandry and environmental sustenance. However, the transcriptomic and genomic information on this species is very limited, which hinders genetic and breeding studies. In the present study, 76,686,804 clean reads were generated from 11 different tissue samples of E. sibiricus by Illumina paired-end sequencing, and the reads were deposited into the NCBI SRA database (SRX574376). A total of 8,769 EST-SSRs were identified from 94,458 unigene sequences, which were obtained by de novo assembly. Moreover, 1,078 primer pairs were successfully designed, and 500 pairs were randomly selected to assess polymorphisms in 15 E. sibiricus accessions. A total of 112 primer pairs were polymorphic, and the polymorphism information content (PIC) values ranged from 0.39 to 0.81, indicating a high level of informativeness. Furthermore, these 112 polymorphic primer pairs were used to evaluate the transferability to 13 other related species, and 55 EST-SSR markers were found to be polymorphic among these 13 Elymus species. This study collected the global sequence data for E. sibiricus, and the newly developed markers will prove valuable in facilitating genetic diversity in E. sibiricus and related Elymus species.

PMID:
26853106
PMCID:
PMC4744933
DOI:
10.1038/srep20549
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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