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Med Sci (Paris). 2016 Jan;32(1):66-73. doi: 10.1051/medsci/20163201011. Epub 2016 Feb 5.

[Impact of maternal obesity and diabetes on placental function].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Inra, UMR 1198 biologie du développement et reproduction, Domaine de Vilvert, F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France.
2
Inra, UMR 1198 biologie du développement et reproduction, Domaine de Vilvert, F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France - Fondation PremUp, 4, avenue de l'Observatoire, F-75006 Paris, France.
3
Hôpital Claude Huriez, CHRU Lille, université Lille2, EA 4489 environnement périnatal et croissance, Faculté de médecine, place de Verdun, F-59000 Lille, France.

Abstract

Located at the feto-maternal interface, the placenta is involved in exchange, endocrine and immune functions, which impact fetal development. In contact with the maternal environment, this organ is sensitive to metabolic disorders as over-nutrition, obesity or diabetes. The alteration of blood parameters associated with these pathologies affects placental histology, vascularization and nutrient transfers and, according to the types of troubles, induces local inflammation or hypoxia. These placental changes lead to disturbance of development and fetal growth, which increase the risk of pathologies in offspring in adulthood. The placenta thus appears as a crucial player in the fetal programming.

PMID:
26850609
DOI:
10.1051/medsci/20163201011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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