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J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2017 Feb;101(1):170-179. doi: 10.1111/jpn.12437. Epub 2016 Feb 5.

Effects of selenium supplementation on the oxidative state of acute heat stress-exposed quails.

Author information

1
Department of Animal Science, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Brazil.
2
Evonik Degussa of Brazil, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of heat stress (HS) and selenium supplementation on markers of stress, meat quality and gene expression. For this, meat quails of 42 days of age were fed a diet that either met [0.33 mg/kg, nutritional demand for selenium (SS)] or did not meet [0.11 mg/kg, selenium deficient (SD)] the nutritional demands for selenium during the 7 days of evaluation. In addition, the animals were kept at either a thermal comfort temperature (25 °C) or exposed to HS (38 °C for 24 h). Glutathione synthetase (GSS), glutathione reductase (GSR) and uncoupling protein (UCP) gene expression were influenced by the interaction between temperature and diet. Animals subjected to HS and fed the SS diet exhibited the highest GSS and GSR gene expression. In terms of UCP gene expression, the lowest values were observed in HS animals on the SD diet. Glutathione peroxidase 7 (GPX7) gene expression, body temperature (BT) and creatine kinase (CK) activity were influenced by both selenium supplementation and HS. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity and creatinine content all were influenced by the diet/environment interaction. The highest AST activity, ALT activity and creatinine levels were observed in animals that were both on the SD diet and exposed to HS. HS animals also exhibited an increased heterophil/lymphocyte ratio and lower triiodothyronine (T3) hormone levels than birds that remained at the comfortable temperature. Animals subjected to HS and fed with selenium supplemented diet showed better results regarding gene expression and, thus, better results for the activities of enzymes used as stress markers, which could be due to the higher antioxidant capacity provided by the action of the studied genes.

KEYWORDS:

Coturnix coturnix ; antioxidant; heat stress; nutrigenomics; oxidative stress; reactive oxygen species

PMID:
26849471
DOI:
10.1111/jpn.12437
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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