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Mayo Clin Proc. 2016 Feb;91(2):226-40. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2015.11.001.

Focused Cardiovascular Care for Women: The Need and Role in Clinical Practice.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
2
Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Department of Physiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
3
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH.
4
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
5
Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA.
6
Barbra Streisand Women's Heart Center, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, CA.
7
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL.
8
Department of Cardiology, Hofstra North Short-LIJ School of Medicine, Hempstead, NY.
9
Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, AZ.
10
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: smulvagh@mayo.edu.

Abstract

Over the past decade, an emerging clinical research focus on cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) risk in women has highlighted sex-specific factors that are uniquely important in the prevention and early detection of coronary atherosclerosis in women. Concurrently, a 30% decrease in the number of female deaths from CVD has been observed. Despite this, CVD continues to be the leading cause of death in women, outnumbering deaths from all other causes combined. Clinical practice approaches that focus on the unique aspects of CV care for women are needed to provide necessary resources for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of CVD in women. In addition to increasing opportunities for women to participate in CV research, Women's Heart Clinics offer unique settings in which to deliver comprehensive CV care and education, ensuring appropriate diagnostic testing, while monitoring effectiveness of treatment. This article reviews the emerging need and role of focused CV care to address sex-specific aspects of diagnosis and treatment of CVD in women.

PMID:
26848004
DOI:
10.1016/j.mayocp.2015.11.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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