Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Radiol. 2016;89(1060):20140450. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20140450. Epub 2016 Feb 5.

CT and clinical findings of peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour in children.

Author information

1
1 Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou University, Henan, China.
2
2 Department of Hematology, Children's Hospital of Zhengzhou City, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.
3
3 Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou University, Henan, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the clinical, CT and pathological findings of paediatric peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumours (pPNETs) to enhance the recognition of these rare tumours.

METHODS:

The clinical, CT and pathological findings of 18 paediatric patients with pPNETs confirmed by biopsy or surgical pathology were retrospectively reviewed.

RESULTS:

The age of these 18 paediatric patients with pPNETs ranged from 4 months to 15 years, with a mean age of 7.7 years. The lesions of these 18 paediatric patients with pPNETs were located in the head and neck (n = 4), chest (n = 2), abdomen and pelvic cavity (n = 6), spine (n = 3), ilium (n = 2) and femur (n = 1). Immunohistochemical examination revealed Homer-Wright rosettes in seven lesions, and 94.4% of lesions showed consistent positive staining for CD99. On plain CT images, the majority of pPNETs showed lesions that were ill-defined (72.2%), irregularly shaped (83.3%), heterogeneous (66.7%) or hypodense masses (94.4%), and together with osteolytic bone destruction when the lesion originated in the bone. Calcifications were found in three lesions. After contrast administration, all soft-tissue masses were persistently enhanced heterogeneously with various cystic or necrotic regions, and 71.4% of them had linear enhancement. 94.4% of soft-tissue masses showed a moderate degree of enhancement. Seven cases had lymph node metastasis at diagnosis.

CONCLUSION:

Paediatric pPNET can involve any part of the body, and a large, ill-defined, aggressive soft-tissue mass and moderate heterogeneous enhancement with varying cystic regions and linear enhancement, with or without osteolytic bone destruction, on CT images could suggest the diagnosis.

ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE:

Primitive neuroectodermal tumours constitute a rare type of malignant neuroectodermal tumours that have chromosomal translocations identical to Ewing's sarcoma, and reports about radiological characteristics of this disease in children are insufficient. This study has described the clinical features and CT and pathological findings in 18 paediatric patients diagnosed with pPNETs in different locations, as a way to enhance the recognition of these tumours and help to differentiate from other types of paediatric malignant bone and soft-tissue tumours.

PMID:
26847997
PMCID:
PMC4846188
DOI:
10.1259/bjr.20140450
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center