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Public Health Nurs. 2016 Sep;33(5):403-11. doi: 10.1111/phn.12250. Epub 2016 Feb 5.

Knowledge of Vaccination Needs of HIV-Infected Men Who Have Sex with Men in a National Sample of "Gay Friendly" Health care Providers.

Author information

1
College of Nursing, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida. christopher.blackwell@ucf.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge levels regarding vaccination needs of healthy, HIV-infected (with CD4 counts >200 cells/mm(3) ) men who have sex with men (MSM) in a national sample of "gay friendly" health providers.

DESIGN AND SAMPLE:

Participants (n = 92) were sent a demographic questionnaire and case vignette asking for correct identification of vaccine needs of an HIV-infected MSM with a CD4 count >200 cells/mm(3) . Participants were recruited from the Gay and Lesbian Medical Association's Health Provider Index.

MEASURES:

Descriptive statistics and Fisher's exact test were used to answer the research questions and define the sample.

RESULTS:

The vast majority of the sample (n = 83; 90%) misidentified correct vaccine needs of and/or selected inappropriate vaccines for the HIV-infected MSM. Greater familiarity with the CDC Adult Vaccination Schedule (p = .027), practice specialization (p = .004), and administration of vaccinations within location of practice (p = .009) were associated with greater knowledge of the patient's vaccine needs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Health care providers who prescribe vaccines to HIV-infected MSM need more education regarding their vaccine needs. Nurses can reduce disparities in HIV-infected MSM by advocating for vaccination and augmenting providers' comprehension of vaccine needs of this population.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; HIV; bisexual; gay; homosexual; immunization; nurse practitioner; physician; physician assistant; vaccination; vaccine

PMID:
26847956
DOI:
10.1111/phn.12250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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