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J Fr Ophtalmol. 2016 Mar;39(3):287-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jfo.2015.04.024. Epub 2016 Feb 1.

[A role for hypnosis in cataract surgery: Report of 171 procedures].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Service d'ophtalmologie, HIA Desgenettes, 108, boulevard Pinel, 69003 Lyon, France. Electronic address: emilie.agard@hotmail.fr.
2
Service d'anesthésie-réanimation, HIA Desgenettes, 108, boulevard Pinel, 69003 Lyon, France.
3
Service d'ophtalmologie, HIA Desgenettes, 108, boulevard Pinel, 69003 Lyon, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To study the effectiveness of relaxation hypnosis in outpatient cataract surgery.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective study of 171 patients undergoing cataract surgery under hypnosis, performed by the same nurse anesthetist. The procedures were performed by 2 senior surgeons, A and B (A=78 surgeries, and B=93 surgeries) under topical anesthesia and with a 2.2-mm mini-incision. The hypnosis group (n=102) was compared to a control group (n=69) according to quantitative, objective criteria: hemodynamic changes and the need for intravenous medication in operating room, as well as subjective, qualitative criteria: surgical comfort, effectiveness of hypnosis, and patient satisfaction. Subgroup analyses by surgeon, 1st and 2nd eye surgery, were performed.

RESULTS:

Hemodynamic parameters were not significantly different between the 2 groups: systolic blood pressure (P=0.06) and maximum heart rate (P=0.25). However, the use of intraoperative intravenous medication was significantly higher in the control group (49.3% versus 21.6%, P<0.001). The effectiveness of relaxation was scored at a mean of 5.25/6 by the nurse anesthetist. The patients in the hypnosis group reported a mean comfort rating of 8.4/10, and 100% were satisfied with this hypnosis experience.

CONCLUSIONS:

Preliminary results of this study are very positive for all three parties: patient/anesthetist/surgeon. They are leading to an expanded university training program for operating room personnel in order to improve quality of care and reduce premedication in elderly patients so as to facilitate their return to home.

KEYWORDS:

Ambulatoire; Ambulatory; Anesthesia; Anesthésie; Cataract surgery; Chirurgie de cataracte; Hypnose; Hypnosis; Intraoperative intravenous medication; Médication intraveineuse peropératoire

PMID:
26847219
DOI:
10.1016/j.jfo.2015.04.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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