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J Electrocardiol. 2016 Mar-Apr;49(2):243-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2016.01.003. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Professor André Jouve (1909-2001): A French cardiologist who was a pioneer of clinical vector-electrocardiography and cardiovascular epidemiology.

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Laboratory of Biotechnologies Applied to Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrological, Anesthesiological and Geriatric Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Viale del Policlinico, 155, Roma, Italy. Electronic address:


André, Julien, Auguste Jouve was born in Marseilles on June 10, 1909 son of Xavier Marie Francois Louis Jouve MD and Marie Louise Charlotte Vigliengo his wife. He had a brilliant medical career in Marseilles: Resident at Marseilles Hospitals in 1931, major of his promotion, then an Assistant in 1943 and a Chief in 1951, to become Associate Professor of Medicine in 1946 and finally Full Professor of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology in 1954. Fellow of several Cardiological Societies, he became President of the French Society of Cardiology in 1968, Vice-President of the European Society of Cardiology in 1972 and finally President of the French College of Vascular Pathology in 1973. He had been a WHO Expert for degenerative and cardiovascular diseases from 1958 to 1981 and a National correspondent of the Academy of Medicine in 1977. He was decorated by the Légion d'Honneur (Officer in 1975). He retired in 1981 and died in 2001. Clinical vector-electrocardiology and cardiovascular epidemiology were the main areas of his interest where he made essential contributions such as the famous treatise on ECG. The Heart Cantini Center was considered his leading creation and action, where the first French heart transplantation was performed in 1968, the first French epidemiological investigation on coronary risk factors took place, the idea of starting prevention at pediatric age was clearly outlined and the need of concentrating on psychological and dysmetabolic factors was precisely advocated for indexing later development of ischemic heart diseases. These achievements are reviewed and put into perspective.

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