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Brain Pathol. 2017 Jan;27(1):77-85. doi: 10.1111/bpa.12365. Epub 2016 Apr 14.

The Relationship of Cerebral Vessel Pathology to Brain Microinfarcts.

Author information

1
Rush Alzheimer's Disease Center, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.
2
Department of Neurological Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.
3
Department of Pathology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Abstract

The relationship of cerebral vessel pathology to brain microinfarcts is not fully understood. We examined associations of cerebral vessel pathology with microinfarcts among community-dwelling persons who came to autopsy. Brain specimens were derived from 1,066 deceased subjects (mean age-at-death = 88 years, 65% women) participating in a cohort study of aging. Microinfarcts were classified by number, age and location. Severity of vessel pathologies was graded semi-quantitatively. Almost a third of subjects (n = 300; 28%) had at least one chronic microinfarct, including 128 cortical only, 120 subcortical only, and 47 with both. Moderate-to-severe atherosclerosis was present in 430 (41%) subjects, arteriolosclerosis in 382 (36%), and amyloid angiopathy in 374 (35%). The odds of one or multiple microinfarct(s) was increased for more severe atherosclerosis (OR =1.22; 95%CI: 1.03-1.45), arteriolosclerosis (OR =1.18; 95%CI: 1.02-1.37) and amyloid angiopathy (OR =1.13; 95%CI: 1.00-1.28). Separately, the odds of subcortical microinfarct(s) was increased for atherosclerosis (OR =1.49; 95%CI: 1.20-1.84) and arteriolosclerosis (OR =1.39; 95%CI: 1.16-1.67) but not amyloid angiopathy; whereas the odds of cortical microinfarct(s) was increased for amyloid angiopathy (OR =1.26; 95%CI: 1.09-1.46) only. While cerebral vessel pathologies are associated with microinfarct burden, atherosclerosis and arteriolosclerosis are associated with subcortical microinfarcts, and amyloid angiopathy with cortical microinfarcts.

KEYWORDS:

atherosclerosis; brain; cerebrovascular disease; epidemiology; infarction; pathology

PMID:
26844934
PMCID:
PMC4974145
DOI:
10.1111/bpa.12365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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