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Biokhimiia. 1989 Aug;54(8):1308-14.

[Protease from a strain of bacteria E. coli A2, specifically cleaving actin].

[Article in Russian]


A novel bacterial protease specifically hydrolyzing actin with the formation of a stable fragment with Mr of 36 kDa was obtained. This protease was shown to be synthesized at the stationary phase of bacterial culture growth. The actin hydrolysis by bacterial protease was inhibited by o-phenanthroline, EDTA and p-chloromercuribenzoate but not by N-ethyl-maleimide, phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride, Leu-peptin, pepstatin and other serine proteinase inhibitors. The protease was stable within the pH range of 4.5-8.5 and had an activity optimum at pH 7.0-8.0. The protease activity was maintained for 40 min at 45 degrees C and for 30 min at 50 degrees C; at 65 degrees C the enzyme was fully inactivated by 5 min heating. The protease preparations causing quantitative conversion of actin into a 36 kDa fragment did not hydrolyze casein, albumin, ovalbumin, lysozyme, DNAase I, RNAase, myosin, alpha-actinin, tropomyosin and troponin. It was assumed that the protease under consideration is a neutral metalloprotease specifically hydrolyzing actin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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