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BMJ Open. 2016 Feb 3;6(2):e010015. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010015.

Development of a Health Empowerment Programme to improve the health of working poor families: protocol for a prospective cohort study in Hong Kong.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
2
Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
3
School of Nursing, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
4
Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
5
Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

People from working poor families are at high risk of poor health partly due to limited healthcare access. Health empowerment, a process by which people can gain greater control over the decisions affecting their lives and health through education and motivation, can be an effective way to enhance health, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), health awareness and health-seeking behaviours of these people. A new cohort study will be launched to explore the potential for a Health Empowerment Programme to enable these families by enhancing their health status and modifying their attitudes towards health-related issues. If proven effective, similar empowerment programme models could be tested and further disseminated in collaborations with healthcare providers and policymakers.

METHOD AND ANALYSIS:

A prospective cohort study with 200 intervention families will be launched and followed up for 5 years. The following inclusion criteria will be used at the time of recruitment: (1) Having at least one working family member; (2) Having at least one child studying in grades 1-3; and (3) Having a monthly household income that is less than 75% of the median monthly household income of Hong Kong families. The Health Empowerment Programme that will be offered to intervention families will comprise four components: health assessment, health literacy, self-care enablement and health ambassador. Their health status, HRQOL, lifestyle and health service utilisation will be assessed and compared with 200 control families with matching characteristics but will not receive the health empowerment intervention.

ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:

This project was approved by the University of Hong Kong-the Hospital Authority Hong Kong West Cluster IRB, Reference number: UW 12-517. The study findings will be disseminated through a series of peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations, as well as a yearly report to the philanthropic funding body-Kerry Group Kuok Foundation (Hong Kong) Limited.

KEYWORDS:

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE; PRIMARY CARE; PUBLIC HEALTH

PMID:
26842271
PMCID:
PMC4746471
DOI:
10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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