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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2016 Feb;40(2):393-400. doi: 10.1111/acer.12955.

Gender-Specific Effects of Mood on Alcohol-Seeking Behaviors: Preliminary Findings Using Intravenous Alcohol Self-Administration.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.
3
Department of Neurology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana.
4
R.L. Roudebush VAMC, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although negative mood has long been implicated in differences in alcohol seeking by men and women, little research has used precise, well-controlled laboratory experiments to examine how negative mood affects alcohol-seeking behaviors.

METHODS:

A total of 34 (19 women) community-dwelling, alcohol-using adults aged 21 to 32 (mean age = 24.86, SD = 3.40, 74.3% Caucasian; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test [AUDIT] = 10.1, SD = 3.4) completed 2 counterbalanced intravenous alcohol self-administration sessions: one under negative mood and one under neutral mood. Fourteen individuals (9 women; mean age = 25.00, SD = 2.77) participated in an alcohol "liking" experiment (i.e., free access [FA] drinking) and 20 individuals (10 women; mean age = 24.77, SD = 3.73) participated in an alcohol "wanting" experiment, in which gaining access to alcohol required progressively effortful work. There was no significant difference between men and women on the AUDIT, t(32) = -0.38, p = 0.71.

RESULTS:

Priming with negative mood induction caused a significant decrease in self-reported mood (mean change = -1.85, t(32) = -6.81, p < 0.001), as intended. In FA, negative mood was associated with a significantly increased peak breath alcohol concentration (BrAC; F = 9.41, p = 0.01), with a trend toward a greater effect in men than in women (F = 2.67, p = 0.13). Negative mood also had a significant effect on peak BrAC achieved in the progressive work paradigm (F = 5.28, p = 0.04), with a significantly stronger effect in men (F = 5.35, p = 0.03) than women; men also trended toward more consistent work for alcohol across both neutral and negative sessions.

CONCLUSIONS:

These preliminary findings demonstrate a gender-specific response on how mood affects alcohol seeking and suggest gender-specific interventions to prevent mood-based alcohol consumption.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Gender; Intravenous Infusion

PMID:
26842258
PMCID:
PMC5061122
DOI:
10.1111/acer.12955
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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