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Biosci Rep. 2016 Feb 2;36(2). pii: e00311. doi: 10.1042/BSR20150154.

Acetylcholinesterase immobilization and characterization, and comparison of the activity of the porous silicon-immobilized enzyme with its free counterpart.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, Gongju, Chungnam 314-701, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Biology, Kongju National University, Gongju, Chungnam 314-701, Republic of Korea Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
3
Department of Biology, Kongju National University, Gongju, Chungnam 314-701, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, Gongju, Chungnam 314-701, Republic of Korea khlee@kongju.ac.kr.

Abstract

A successful prescription is presented for acetylcholinesterase physically adsorbed on to a mesoporous silicon surface, with a promising hydrolytic response towards acetylthiocholine iodide. The catalytic behaviour of the immobilized enzyme was assessed by spectrophotometric bioassay using neostigmine methyl sulfate as a standard acetycholinesterase inhibitor. The surface modification was studied through field emission SEM, Fourier transform IR spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, cathode luminescence and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, photoluminescence measurement and spectrophotometric bioassay. The porous silicon-immobilized enzyme not only yielded greater enzyme stability, but also significantly improved the native photoluminescence at room temperature of the bare porous silicon architecture. The results indicated the promising catalytic behaviour of immobilized enzyme compared with that of its free counterpart, with a greater stability, and that it aided reusability and easy separation from the reaction mixture. The porous silicon-immobilized enzyme was found to retain 50% of its activity, promising thermal stability up to 90°C, reusability for up to three cycles, pH stability over a broad pH of 4-9 and a shelf-life of 44 days, with an optimal hydrolytic response towards acetylthiocholine iodide at variable drug concentrations. On the basis of these findings, it was believed that the porous silicon-immobilized enzyme could be exploited as a reusable biocatalyst and for screening of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from crude plant extracts and synthesized organic compounds. Moreover, the immobilized enzyme could offer a great deal as a viable biocatalyst in bioprocessing for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries, and bioremediation to enhance productivity and robustness.

KEYWORDS:

acetylcholinesterase; biocatalyst; hydrolysis; immobilization; mesoporous; physical adsorption

PMID:
26839417
PMCID:
PMC4793299
DOI:
10.1042/BSR20150154
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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