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Benef Microbes. 2016 Jun;7(3):327-36. doi: 10.3920/BM2015.0156. Epub 2016 Feb 3.

Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071 decreases stress-associated diarrhoea-related symptoms and self-reported stress: a secondary analysis of a randomised trial.

Author information

1
1 Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, 572 Newell Drive, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
2
2 Department of Statistics, University of Florida, 102 Griffin-Floyd Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
3
3 Department of Biology, University of Florida, Bartram Hall, 876 Newell Drive, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
4
4 MCC Statistical Consulting LLC, 2219 NW 23rd Ter, Gainesville, FL 32605, USA.
5
5 Lallemand Health Solutions, 6100 Royalmount, Montréal, QC H4P 2R2, Canada.

Abstract

Psychological stress is associated with gastrointestinal (GI) distress. This secondary analysis from a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study examined whether three different probiotics could normalise self-reported stress-associated GI discomfort and reduce overall self-reported stress. Undergraduate students (n=581) received Lactobacillus helveticus R0052, Bifidobacterium longum ssp. infantis R0033, Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071, or placebo. Participants self-reported 2 outcomes for a 6-week period, which included final academic exams: daily level of stress (0=no stress to 10=extremely stressed) and weekly three diarrhoea-related symptoms (DS, 1=no discomfort to 7=severe discomfort) using the GI Symptom Rating Scale. Self-reported stress was positively related to DS (P=0.0068). Mean DS scores were lower with B. bifidum versus placebo at week 2 at the average level of stress and the average body mass index (BMI). DS scores were lower with B. bifidum at week 5 versus week 0 and 1 and with B. infantis R0033 at week 6 versus week 0. DS scores were higher when antibiotics were used in the prior week with placebo (P=0.0092). DS were not different with or without antibiotic use with the probiotics. Only B. bifidum had an effect on self-reported stress scores (P=0.0086). The self-reported stress score was also dependent on hours of sleep per day where it decreased by 0.13 for each additional hour of sleep. During a stressful period, B. bifidum R0071 decreases DS and self-reported stress scores. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01709825.

KEYWORDS:

Bifidobacterium infantis; Lactobacillus helveticus; academic stress; bifidobacteria; probiotic

PMID:
26839075
DOI:
10.3920/BM2015.0156
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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