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Korean J Med Educ. 2016 Mar;28(1):9-16. doi: 10.3946/kjme.2016.4. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Students' perceptions and satisfaction level of hybrid problem-based learning for 16 years in Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Korea.

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Department of Medical Education, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.



Kyungpook National University School of Medicine has been implementing hybrid problem-based learning (PBL) since 1999. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in the students' perceptions and satisfaction levels of hybrid PBL.


The target period of our study was from 1999 to 2014, and target subjects were second-year medical students in Kyungpook National University School of Medicine. The survey was conducted at the end of semester. We had a focused interview with group leaders and some volunteer students.


As for the scores regarding students' overall satisfaction with PBL, there was significant improvement in 2005 compared to 2002, but the scores decreased and no differences between the survey years noted after 2005. The students' preference ratio for the once a week PBL sessions, tutor presence, synchronization of contents, and arrangement of PBL sessions and related lectures was 60%-80%, 50%-90%, 52%-96%, and 78%-93%, respectively.


In order to increase students' satisfaction with hybrid PBL and to improve the perception of it, firstly, it is necessary to arrange the date and the time of PBL sessions so that students can concentrate on PBL. Secondly, PBL cases should be selected and arranged to be well synchronized with the ongoing lectures. Finally, it is important to create a safe atmosphere so that students can engage actively in PBL sessions.


Hybrid problem-based learning; Learning method; Medical education; Medical schools; Problem-based learning

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