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J Atten Disord. 2016 Feb 2. pii: 1087054715626509. [Epub ahead of print]

A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of a Psychoeducation Program for Families of Children and Adolescents With ADHD in the United Kingdom: Results After a 6-Month Follow-Up.

Author information

1
Huntercombe Hospital, Maidenhead, UK University of Southampton, UK Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK maiteferrin@yahoo.es.
2
Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
3
South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
4
ADDISS, The National Attention Deficit Disorder Information and Support Service, Edgware, Middlesex, UK.
5
Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Psychoeducation forms part of the current practice for ADHD; however, its efficacy is yet to be established.

METHOD:

Sixty-nine children/adolescents with ADHD were randomly assigned for their families to receive either a well-structured psychoeducation program (n = 35), or belong to a control group (treatment-as-usual, n = 34).

RESULTS:

One-way analyses of variance showed a statistically significant Treatment × Time interaction, for ADHD total symptoms, inattention/cognition, and hyperactivity/impulsivity subdomains according to the parents, the first two with medium-large effect sizes. The effects of the intervention on the ADHD total and the inattention/cognition domain persisted after 6 months follow-up. No significant differences in teacher ratings were found; however, an improvement in clinical functioning as measured by clinicians was observed.

CONCLUSION:

This psychoeducation program has shown effectiveness in reducing ADHD symptoms when compared with treatment as usual. Psychoeducation needs to be considered as a valid and additional approach in ADHD.

KEYWORDS:

ADD/ADHD; Families; psychoeducation; randomized controlled trial; treatment

PMID:
26838557
DOI:
10.1177/1087054715626509

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