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Qatar Med J. 2016 Jan 14;2015(2):16. doi: 10.5339/qmj.2015.16. eCollection 2015.

Cortex-sparing infarction in triple cervical artery dissection following chiropractic neck manipulation.

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1
Department of Neurology (Medicine), Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Multivessel cervical dissection with cortical sparing is exceptional in clinical practice.

CASE PRESENTATION:

A 55-year-old man presented with acute-onset neck pain with associated sudden onset right-sided hemiparesis and dysphasia after chiropractic manipulation for chronic neck pain.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral internal carotid artery dissection and left extracranial vertebral artery dissection with bilateral anterior cerebral artery territory infarctions and large cortical-sparing left middle cerebral artery infarction. This suggests the presence of functionally patent and interconnecting leptomeningeal anastomoses between cerebral arteries, which may provide sufficient blood flow to salvage penumbral regions when a supplying artery is occluded.

CONCLUSION:

Chiropractic cervical manipulation can result in catastrophic vascular lesions preventable if these practices are limited to highly specialized personnel under very specific situations.

KEYWORDS:

chiropractics; cortical sparing; magnetic resonance imaging; stroke; trivessel dissection

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